Altitude of a triangle
The perpendicular segment from a vertex to the line containing the opposite side of a triangle.
A ray that is in the interior of an angle and forms two equal angles with the sides of that angle.
Angle-angle-angle (AAA) similarity
The angle-angle-angle (AAA) similarity test states that given two triangles that have corresponding angles that are congruent, then the triangles are similar. As we know the sum of the interior angles in a triangle is 180°, so if two corresponding are congruent, then the other ones should be as well.
The segment connecting the vertex of an angle in a triangle to the midpoint of the side opposite it.
The bisector of a segment perpendicular to it.
Side-angle-side (SAS) similarity
The side-angle-side (SAS) similarity test states that given two triangles that have two pairs of sides that are proportional and the included angles are congruent, then the triangles should be similar.
Side-side-side (SSS) similarity
The side-side-side (SSS) similarity test states that for two triangles to be similar; all corresponding sides should be proportional.
two polygons are similar polygons if corresponding angles have the same measure and corresponding sides are in proportion.
Similar triangles are triangles which have the same shape but probably different size. Corresponding angles need to be congruent, and corresponding sides are in proportion.
A polygon with three sides.
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